Category: History

Puerto Rico Status History (PDF’S)

The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico has a unique history as a part of the United States. United States suzerainty over Puerto Rico originated with the acquisition of the islands in 1898 after the conclusion of the Spanish-American War. For decades, the federal government administered government operations in Puerto Rico through military liaisons or civilian officials appointed by the President. Legislation enacted by Congress in 1950 (P.L. 81-600) and in 1952 (P.L. 82-447) granted Puerto Rico authority to establish a republican form of local government through a constitution approved by the citizens of Puerto Rico and the Congress in 1952...

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Revolt in Puerto Rico For Independence

October 30 is the sixtieth anniversary of the 1950 Independence Revolt in Puerto Rico by the island’s Nationalist Party. It marked the most significant attempt at armed revolution in Puerto Rico since the late nineteenth century. Democracy Now! co-host Juan Gonzalez, who’s written extensively on the uprising, discusses its significance....

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Ponce de Leon returns home to find war

    Written by   Sam Turner St. Augustine Lighthouse & Museum OCTOBER 13, 1513 — O Antón de Alaminos and the caravel San Cristóbal, tasked with continuing the search for the island of Bimini, had parted company with Juan Ponce de León and the remaining caravels Santiago and Santa María de la Consolación at the island of Guatao on Sept. 17. Shortly thereafter, Juan Ponce and his two ships departed the Lucayan islands. Along with them went Diego Miruelo and his shipwrecked crew, who were suspected of spying on the expedition and acting under the orders of Diego Columbus,...

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Patron Saint of San Cristóbal

By Murat Tanyel | TrekEarth Today, we are staying at San Cristóbal. Taking a few steps forward in yesterday’s photo and turning left would bring us to this courtyard where an open air chapel dedicated to Santa Bárbara, the patron saint of San Cristóbal, is located. Santa Bárbara was an early Christian saint of the 3rd century A.D. from Asia Minor. She is the patron saint of any person in danger of fire or explosion. Cannoneers prayed for her intercession before working with dangerous big guns. In the foreground, you can see my two companions Mighty Mini (yellow) and Surprising Skoda (white with red and blue stripes) paying homage to Santa Bárbara. Mighty Mini is the name I gave to my Hotwheels rendition of a souped-up 60s Mini Cooper (2000 First Editions #30). Surprising Skoda is the Matchbox version of a Skoda 130 LR (from the 1-75 lineup of 1987). Back in 2009, I was an avid collector of these ~ 1/64 scale model cars and these two were my travelling companions. They lived in my camera bag and I would take their photos on each trip I...

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Tunnels of San Cristobal

By Murat Tanyel | TrekEarth The Castillo de San Cristóbal is a former Spanish fort in San Juan, Puerto Rico. It was built by Spain to protect against land based attacks on the city of San Juan. It is part of San Juan National Historic Site. Castillo de San Cristóbal is the largest fortification built by the Spanish in the New World. When it was finished in 1783, it covered about 27 acres of land and basically wrapped around the city of San Juan. Entry to the city was sealed by San Cristóbal’s double gates. After close to one hundred years of relative peace in the area, part of the fortification (about a third) was demolished in 1897 to help ease the flow of traffic in and out of the walled city. This was a difficult photo. If I had used a flash, I would have blown out the walls of the tunnel. Not using a flash guaranteed that the well-lit areas would be washed out. Since I applied heavy post processing to make it look presentable, I am going to upload a copy of the original photo to the...

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