Category: News

The Changing of the Guard: Puerto Rico in 1898

by Marisabel Brás, Ph.D. Of all Spanish colonial possessions in the Americas, Puerto Rico is the only territory that never gained its independence.  Internal and geopolitical dynamics during the last quarter of the nineteenth century, nevertheless, brought dramatic political, social, and economic changes to the island, setting the stage for the development of its national institutions and the transformation of its political system as a United States territory during the twentieth century. After four centuries of Spanish colonial rule, the period between 1860 and 1898 witnessed a pro-independence rebellion, colonial reform, the establishment of the first national political parties,...

Read More

Utuado Uprising

The Utuado Uprising, also known as the Utuado Revolt or El Grito de Utuado, refers to the revolt against the United States government in Puerto Rico which occurred on October 30, 1950 in various localities in Puerto Rico and which in Utuado culminated in the “Utuado massacre”. Events leading to the revolt On September 17, 1922, the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party was formed. Jose Coll y Cuchi, a former member of the Union Party, was elected its first president. He wanted radical changes within the economy and social welfare programs of Puerto Rico. In 1924, Pedro Albizu Campos, a...

Read More

Ponce Massacre

On March 21, 1937, Ponce was involved in an incident called the Ponce Massacre. The incident occurred as a result of a march organized in Ponce on Palm Sunday by the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party. The women were dressed in white, as nurses of the Red Cross. The men wore all white or a black shirt and white pants. Some of the other adults wore cadet uniforms of a Liberation Army, the gathered group were the Cadets of the Republic and the Daughters of Liberty.  The march was organized to commemorate the end of slavery in 1873 and to...

Read More