The Twenty-third United States Census, known as Census 2010 or the 2010 Census, is the current national census in the United States. National Census Day was April 1, 2010 and is the point of reference date used in filling out the form.As required by the United States Constitution, the US census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 United States Census was the previous census completed.
Census forms began to be delivered March 15, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1 as the point of reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: “Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today. As of April 1, the national return rate was 52%. The Census Bureau website states it will no longer use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information. The 2010 Census will use only a short form asking ten basic questions, including name, sex, age, date of birth, race, and home ownership status.
Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey. The survey provides data about communities in the United States on a yearly basis rather than once every 10 years. A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, and no household will receive it more than once every five years.