A Puer­to Rican tourist who had just dis­em­barked from his cruise ship in Naples is fight­ing for his life fol­low­ing brain surgery after being attacked by mug­gers, the Asso­ci­at­ed Press reports.

Oscar Anto­nio Men­doza was walk­ing from the port in Naples when two mug­gers on a motor scoot­er tried to take his Rolex, Police Major Pao­lo Zito told the Asso­ci­at­ed Press.

When Men­doza refused to give up the watch, the rob­bers pushed him to the ground and fled. Upon falling, Men­doza hit his head.

He under­went brain surgery at Naples’ Lore­to Mare hos­pi­tal where his doc­tor, Maria Corvi­no, said the prog­no­sis is guard­ed.

Napoli offi­cials warn vis­i­tors not to wear expen­sive jew­el­ry when wan­der­ing the streets.

In 2009, the Ital­ian city insti­tut­ed the Esco­den­tro Project, where ex-cons assist tourists with direc­tions and guide them around town to ensure they aren’t harmed. (The above pho­to is of a drug offend­er pro­vid­ing direc­tions to tourists in Naples in Sep­tem­ber 2009).

by Kate Aulet­ta